It is important to implement control measures to minimise the spread of Coxiella burnetii from infected animals to humans.
Preventative measures for Q fever include:
Vaccination can help prevent Q fever infection and may be recommended for those who are at risk and are appropriate candidates for vaccination.
Washing hands and arms thoroughly in soapy water after handling animals or carcasses.
Washing animal body fluids from the work site and equipment.
Keeping yard facilities for sheep and cattle well away from domestic living areas.
Proper handling of animal products and proper disposal of animal tissues, including birthing products.
Minimising dust and rodents in slaughter and animal housing areas.
Removing protective and/or other clothing that may carry the bacteria before returning to the home environment.
Limiting access to high risk facilities for those not vaccinated.
When working in at-risk environments, wearing disposable face masks that are properly fitted (P2/N95 masks) to help filter small air particles and reduce the risk of airborne transmission of Q fever.
For further information refer to the Q fever section in your state government Work Health and Safety guidelines or speak to your doctor.